4Life Blog Science, Success, Service

Energy Boosting Ingredients

Energy Boosting Ingredients

View in BM

Find yourself needing more energy to complete your daily tasks?

Boost your energy with what Mother Nature has to offer.
These five energy-boosting ingredients help improve and stabilize your energy levels.

Green Tea
In recent years, green tea has gained popularity as a health drink. It can be enjoyed hot or cold, in whole leaves or powdered form. It is well-known for its high antioxidant content and health benefits. According to research, green tea can help increase fat burn and boost a person’s metabolic rate (Kristel Diepvens et al., 2007)¹. The caffeine content in green tea also helps mobilise fatty acids from fat tissues and making them available for energy. (Faidon Magkos et al., 2005,)². Besides, green tea also contains L-theanine which has been shown to improve various aspects of brain function, including mood, vigilance, reaction time, and memory (C. H. S. Ruxton, 2008)⁴.

Guarana
Guarana is a plant native to the Amazon. Amazonian tribes have used guarana for centuries for its therapeutic properties. (Nigel Smith et al., 2010)⁵. It contains an impressive range of stimulants, such as caffeine, theophylline and theobromine. Guarana is high in antioxidants, such as tannins, saponins and catechins (L.S. Bitterncourt et al., 2013)⁶. Guarana seeds may contain four to six times more caffeine than coffee bean (Givaldo Souza Da Silva et al., 2017)⁷, which may aid weight loss by boosting metabolism (A G Dulloo et al., 1989)⁸. Caffeine in guarana can also help improve mental alertness in sleep-deprived people (David M. Penetar et al., 1994)⁹.

Yerba Mate
Yerba mate is a traditional South American drink that's gaining worldwide popularity. With 24 kinds of vitamins and minerals, 15 amino acids and numerous polyphenols, yerba mate nourishes and stimulates. Yerba mate has shown to improve muscle contractions and reduce fatigue (Nicholas A Ratamess et al., 2015)¹⁰, all of which may contribute to better physical performance. Besides, Yerba mate can help increase energy levels and boost mental focus (A Nehlig et al., 1992)¹¹ while reducing appetite, boosting metabolism and increasing fat burned for fuel (Ahmad Alkhatib 2014)¹². This could help with weight loss (Young-Rye Kang et al., 2012)¹³.

L-arginine
L-arginine is a conditionally essential amino acid. L-arginine has so many critical roles in your body, a deficiency in this amino acid can disrupt cellular and organ function and lead to serious adverse health outcomes (Claudia R Morris et al., 2017)¹⁴. Studies show that L- arginine stimulates lipolysis to activate fatty acids metabolism (Tan et al. Front Biosci. 2012)¹⁵. L-arginine supplements may enhance exercise performance by increasing nitric oxide in the body, which improves blood flow and oxygenation to muscles (N Pahlavani et al., 2016)¹⁶.

Taurine
Taurine is a type of amino acid found in many foods and often added to energy drinks and some researchers refer to it as a "wonder molecule" (Harris Ripps and Wen shen, 2012)¹⁷. Taurine has been shown to remove waste products that lead to fatigue and cause muscle burn. It also protects muscles from cell damage and oxidative stress (Thomas G Balshaw et al., 2013)¹⁸. In additional, it also increases fat burn (Jane A Rutherford, 2010)¹⁹ and decrease muscle damage (Song-Gyu Ra et al., 2013)²⁰.

L-glutamine
Glutamine is the most abundant amino acid in blood and other body fluid (RadhaKrishna Rao and Geetha Samak, 2015)²¹. It is widely use in sports nutrition due to its immunomodulatory role and anti-fatigue properties (Audrey Yule Coqueiro et al., 2019)²². Some studies have shown that glutamine ingestion would increase the recovery rate, decrease muscle soreness and improve recovery after intense exercise. (Zachary Legault et al., 2014)²³. Besides, it also improves muscle gain and exercise performance. (D G Candow et al., 2001)²⁴.


References

Diepvens, Klaas R. Westerterp, and Margriet S. Westerterp-Plantenga (2007). Obesity and thermogenesis related to the consumption of caffeine, ephedrine, capsaicin, and green tea. American Journal of Physiology- Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, Vol.292, No.1. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpregu.00832.2005.
Faidon Magkos, Stavros A Kavouras (2005). Caffeine use in sports, pharmacokinetics in man, and cellular mechanisms of action. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2005;45(7-8):535-62. doi: 10.1080/1040-830491379245.
A G Dulloo 1, C Duret, D Rohrer, L Girardier, N Mensi, M Fathi, P Chantre, J Vandermander (1999). Efficacy of a green tea extract rich in catechin polyphenols and caffeine in increasing 24-h energy expenditure and fat oxidation in humans. Am J Clin Nutr. 1999 Dec;70(6):1040-5. doi: 10.1093/ajcn/70.6.1040.
C.H.S.Ruxton (2008). The impact of caffeine on mood, cognitive function, performance and hydration: a review of benefits and risks. Nutrition Bulletin. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-3010.2007.00665.x
Nigel Smith, Andre Luiz Atroch (2010). Guarana’s journey from regional tonic to aphrodisiac and global energy drink. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2010 Sep;7(3):279-82. doi: 10.1093/ecam/nem162. Epub 2007 Dec 5.
L.S. Bittencourt, D.C. Machado, M.M. Machado, G.F.F. Dos Santos, T.D. Algarve, D.R. Marinowic, E.E. Ribeiro, F.A.A. Soares, F. Barbisan, M.L. Athayde, I.B.M. Cruz (2013). The protective effects of guaraná extract (Paullinia cupana) on fibroblast NIH-3T3 cells exposed to sodium nitroprusside. Food and Chemical Toxin. Volume 53, March 2013, Pages 119 – 125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2012.11.041.
Givaldo Souza da Silva, Kirley Marques Canuto, Paula Riceli Vasconcelos Ribeiro, Edy Sousa da Brito, Madson Moreira Nascimento, Guilherme Juliao Zocolo, Janclei Pereira Coutinho, Raildo Mota de Jesus (2017). Chemical profiling of guarana seeds (Paullinia cupana) from different geographical origins using UPLC-QTOF-MS combined with chemometrics. Food Research International. Volume 102, December 2017, Pages 700 – 709. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2017.09.055.
A G Dullo, C A Geissler, T Horton, A Collins, D S Miller (1989). Normal caffeine consumption: influence on thermogenesis and daily energy expenditure in lean and postobese human volunteers. Am J Clin Nutr. 1989 Jan;49(1): 44-50.doi: 10.1093/ajcn/49.1.44.
David M. Penetar, Una McCann, David Thorne, Aline Schelling, Cythia Galinski, Helen Sing, Maria Thomas and Gregory Belenky (1994). 20 Effects of caffeine on cognitive performance allerness in sleep-deprived humans. Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Military Nutrition Research; Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 1994.
Nicholas A Ratamess, Jill A Bush, Jie Kang, William J Kraemer, Sidney J Stohs, Vincenzo G Nocera, Megan D Leise, Keith B Diamond, Avery D Faigenbaum (2015). The effects of supplementation with P-Synephrine alone and in combination with caffeine on resistance exercise performance. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2015 Sep 17;12: 35.doi: 10.1186/s12970-015-0096-5. eCollection 2015.
A Nehlig, J L Daval, G Debry (1992). Caffeine and the central nervous system: mechanisms of action, biochemical, metabolic and psychostimulant effects. Brain Res Brain Res Rev. May-Aug 1992;17(2):139-70.
Ahmad Alkhatib (2014). Yerba Maté (Illex Paraguariensis) ingestion augments fat oxidation and energy expenditure during exercise at various submaximal intensities. Nutr Metab (Lond). 2014; 11: 42. Published online 2014 Sep 2. doi: 10.1186/1743-7075-11-42.
Young-Rye Kang, Hak-Yong Lee, Jung-Hoon Kim, Dea-In Moon, Min-Young Seo, Sang-Hoon Park, Kwang-Ho Choi, Chang-Ryong Kim, Sang-Hyun Kim, Ji-Hyun Oh, Seong-Wan Cho, Sun-Young Kim, Min-Gul Kim, Soo-Wan Chae, Okjin Kim and Hong-Geun Oh (2012). Anti-obesity and anti-diabetic effects of Yerba Mate (Ilex paraguariensis) in C57BL/6J mice fed a high-fat diet. Lab Anim Res. 2012 Mar; 28(1): 23–29. Published online 2012 Mar 21. doi: 10.5625/lar.2012.28.1.23.
Claudia R Morris, Jill Hamilton-Reeves, Robert G Martindale, Menaka Sarav, Juan B Ochoa Gautier (2017). Acquired amino acid deficiency: a focus on arginine and glutamine. Nutr Clin Pract. 2017 Apr;32(1_suppl):30S-47S. doi: 10.1177/0884533617691250. Epub 2017 Feb 1.
Bie Tan, Xinguo Li, Yulong Yin, Zhenglong Wu, Chuang Liu, Carmen D. Tekwe and Guoyao Wu (2012). Regulatory roles for L-arginine in reducing white adipose tissue. Front Biosci. 2012 Jun 1; 17: 2237–2246.
N Pahlavani, M H Entezari, M Nasiri, A Miri, M Rezaie, M Bagheri-Bidakhavidi, O Sadeghi (2016). The effect of l-arginine supplementation on body composition and performance in male athletes: a double-blinded randomized clinical trial. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2017 Apr;71(4):544-548. doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2016.266. Epub 2017 Jan 25.
Harris Ripps, Wen Shen, 2012. Review: taurine: a “very essential” amino acid. Mol Vis. 2012; 18:2673-86. Epub 2012 Nov 12.
Thomas G Balshaw, Theodoros M Bampouras, Timothy J Barry, S Andy Sparks (2013). The effect of acute taurine ingestion on 3-km running performance in trained middle-distance runners. Amino Acids. 2013 Feb;44(2):555-61.
Jane A Rutherford, Lawrence L Spriet, Trent Stellingwerff, 2010. The effect of acute taurine ingestion on endurance performance and metabolism in well-trained cyclists. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2010 Aug;20(4):322-9.
Song-Gyu Ra, Teruo Miyazaki, Keisuke Ishikura, Hisashi Nagayama, Takafumi Suzuki, Seiji Maeda, Masaharu Ito, Yasushi Matsuzaki, Hajime Ohmori, 2013. Additional effects of taurine on the benefits of BCAA intake for the delayed-onset muscle soreness and muscle damage induced by high-intensity eccentric exercise. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2013; 776:179-87.
RadhaKrishna Rao and Geetha Samak, 2015. Role of glutamine in protection in intestinal epithelial tight junctions. J Epithel Biol Pharmacol. 2012 Jan; 5(Suppl 1-M7): 47–54.
Audrey Yule Coqueiro, Marcelo Macedo Rogero and Julio Tirapegui, 2019. Glutamine as an anti-fatigue amino acid in sports nutrition. Nutrients. 2019 Apr; 11(4): 863.
Zachary Legault, Nicholas Bagnall, Derek S Kimmerly, 2014. The Influence of oral L-glutamine supplementation on muscle strength recovery and soreness following unilateral knee extension eccentric exercise. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2015 Oct;25(5):417-26.
D G Candow, P D Chilibeck, D G Burke, K S Davison, T Smith-Palmer, 2001. Effect of glutamine supplementation combined with resistance training in young adults. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2001 Dec;86(2): 142-9.doi: 10.1007/s00421-001-0523-y.


*These statements have not been evaluated by the food and drug administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.